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Shri Shyam Pachisi - 350 years old Khatu Shyam Ji Pachchisi

Shri Shyam Pachisi - 350 years old Khatu Shyam Ji Pachchisi, it describes Shyam Pachisi composed by Durgadas, a resident of Sanganer, Amer.

350 years old Khatu Shyam Ji Pachchisi

Shyam Pachchisi is a poetic text in Brij Bhasha which was composed in 1674 AD. In this book, Shyam Baba has been praised through various forms and names of Krishna.

The description of Shyamji is found in the texts and folk songs about 350 years ago, which makes it clear that how ancient is Khatu Shyamji's Devra i.e. the place of worship.

Source of Shyam Pachisi


This Shyam Pachchisi is taken from the book Khatu Shyamji Ka Itihaas by famous historian Pandit Jhabarmall Sharma.

Pandit Jhabramall Sharma has presented this Shyam Pachisi to us by copying the original Shyam Pachisi from the Pothikhana of City Palace, Jaipur.

Composition and author of Shyam Pachisi


Shyam Pachchisi was composed by Durgadas Kayath or Durgadas Mathur (Kayastha) on Krishna Saptami Sunday of Kartik in 1674 AD (1731 Vikram Samvat).

Durgadas, the author of Shyam Pachisi, was a resident of Sanganer. He was a Roop poet during the reign of Maharaja Ram Singh I of Amer. He had good access to the then royal court.

Importance of Shyam Pachisi


Through this Shyam Pachisi, along with singing praises of Shyam ji, information about the then historical information i.e. princely state, language, religion, public life etc. is also available.

He has written in Shyam Pachchisi that Maharaja Ram Singh I also went to visit Khatu Shyam ji. Significantly, Amer's Maharaja Ram Singh I was the son of Mirza Raja Jai Singh I.

Maharaja Ram Singh I was the ruler of Amber from 1667 to 1688 AD. When Shivaji Maharaj escaped from his custody in Agra Fort in 1666 AD, he was considered guilty of that.

Khatu Shyam ji has been worshiped only in the form of Krishna, so the poet has sung praises of Shyam ji through various forms and names of Krishna in Shyam Pachisi. Shyam Panchisi is a poetry book in Brij Bhasha.


In this, along with the Dhundhari dialect, the words of the Rajkaj's language, Persian and Urdu have also been used. From this it becomes clear that in what form Hindi poetry was written about 350 years ago.

The handwritten original copy of Shyam Pachisi is preserved in the Pothikhana of the Sawai Man Singh (II) Museum, City Palace, Jaipur.

Features of Shyam Pachisi


Poet Durgdas Kayath, the author of Shyam Pachisi, has done 15 steps of this poem, which include 112 couplets, 24 Savaiya, and 5 Chappaya.

In these 15 steps, Ganesh Pranam, Saraswati Pranam, Granth Aur Kavi Parichay, Baas Varnan, Tej Prakash varnan, Rajdhani Varnan, Chhatra Varnan, Udarta Varnan, Sharnai Varnan, Taran varnan, Charit Varnan, Adhikaar Varnan, Mahatmya Varnan, Kaal Prastuti and Parichay.

Author
Uma Vyas {MA (Education), MA (Public Administration), MA (Political Science), MA (History), BEd}

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